8 Common Causes of Back Pain

8 Common Causes of Back Pain


The most common injury that often leads to work absences and medical treatment is back pain. It is a debilitating and uncomfortable condition.

Back pain can result from certain activities and medical conditions. It can affect individuals, regardless of their age, for a variety of reasons. However, people are more likely to develop lower back pain as they get older, due to various factors like degenerative disc disease.

Some of the most common reasons for a painful or aching back include:

1. Pulled tendon or muscle

Lifting heavy objects or boxes, sleeping in the wrong position, and working out can result in an aching back. Generally, this means you might have sprained or strained a tendon or muscle. Back pain resulting from a pulled ligament or muscle may cause spasms and tightness.

2. Inflammation

Inflammation is one of the immune responses of our bodies. However, it can still lead to pain, heat, and discomfort. Inflammation lingering due to a disease or injury can lead to a chronically sore spine and back.

3. Arthritis

Over 52 million people have to deal with the pain and stiffness of arthritis. It is a kind of chronic inflammation that affects joints across the body. This includes the back. The back pain caused by arthritis is linked with swelling and stiffness.

4. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis causes a decrease in bone mass, particularly in the spine, wrist, and hip areas. The decreased bone mass results in weaker bones and can cause painful fractures.

5. Ruptured Discs

The vertebrae of the spine are separated by discs. When the discs bulge, are injured or get displaced, they can lead to debilitating pain. These discs are more likely to sustain damage as you get older.

6. Stress

The spine performs the crucial job of keeping the body upright. Excess weight and poor posture can both lead to stress on the spine. As a result, the back muscles are required to work harder to keep the body upright. This can lead to an aching back and discomfort.

7. Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a condition that can lead to body pains, including back pain. While the condition is not well-understood yet, researchers are working to uncover the reason behind the pains and aches caused by fibromyalgia. Many agree that it’s a result of nervous system abnormalities.

8. Degenerative disc disease

When we are born, our intervertebral discs are filled with water and are the healthiest. However, with age, these discs wear down and become less hydrated. As these discs lose hydration, they become incapable of resisting forces effectively. As a result, the disc wall has to bear the brunt of the force which may lead to pain or tears that can cause a herniation. The discs may even collapse and lead to stenosis.

Start Making Changes Today

While there are countless different reasons behind back pain, it is possible to treat and manage it for the most part. Lifestyle changes, like sleeping and lifting heavy objects in a back-friendly posture can help avoid back pain. If you are experiencing debilitating or severe pain, it would be better to consult a specialist to improve and manage your symptoms.